Add Username password auth to Hive

In my previous post, we achieved end to end SSL encryption from client to ELB to the EMR master. Our next requirement is to add username password authentication. There are different ways in hive to do this: 1. LDAP, 2. PAM, 3. CUSTOM mode. After some evaluation we finally choosed the  CUSTOM mode way.

We first need to create a class implements the org.apache.hive.service.auth.PasswdAuthenticationProvider interface. Notice here, we use the MD5 hashed password here so that we do not expose the credential in the code.

public class RcHiveAuthentication implements PasswdAuthenticationProvider
    Hashtable<String, String> store = null;

    public RcHiveAuthentication()
        store = new Hashtable<>();
        store.put("rcapp", "7451d491e7052ac047caf36a5272a1bf");

    public void Authenticate(String user, String password)
        throws AuthenticationException
        String storedPasswd = store.get(user);
        //since MD5 is just some HEX, we ignore case.
        if (storedPasswd == null || !storedPasswd.equalsIgnoreCase(getMd5(password)))
            // if we do not have the user or passowrd does not match, auth fail.
            throw new AuthenticationException("SampleAuthenticator: Error validating user");

     * @param input input string to be hashed
     * @return  the MD5 of the input. if any error, return empty String.
    public static String getMd5(String input)
        String resultMd5 = "";
            resultMd5 = DatatypeConverter.printHexBinary(MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5").digest(input.getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8)));
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e)

        return resultMd5;

    // package access for unit test
    Hashtable<String, String> getStore()
        return store;

Make the above class a jar and put it into the $HiveHOME/lib directory

Then we need to add some config to hive-site.xml so that Hive knows to use our custom provider to do authentication


At this stage, if you try to connect the server, you will probably get the below error:

Error while compiling statement: FAILED: RuntimeException Cannot create staging directory 'hdfs://namenode:

This is because the user we set in the custom auth provider does not have write access in the HDFS. To get around this, we need to set the hive Impersonation to false:


After adding this , we now should be able to access the hive with our custom defined username/password

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